Fat is a type of nutrient that provides your body energy and helps absorb vitamins and keep skin healthy. They are also the main way the body stores energy. There are many types of fats — saturated, unsaturated, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated, and trans fats.
Why fats are Important ?
There are many benefits of eating fats, however this should be in limit otherwise your body will gain fat.
- Fat keeps your skin healthy
- It absorbs vitamins like vitamin A,E,D and K
- fats like omega 3 are also important to keep our heart healthy
- unsaturated fats can help lower levels of LDL (lousy) cholesterol in your body
- It keeps you feeling satisfied longer after a meal
- They also are the building blocks of hormones and they insulate the body.
Types of Fats
Saturated fats are solid at room temperature and are also called solid fats. Saturated fats increases health risks if a person consumes too much over a long period of time.
It increases the cholesterol level in your body which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and heart stroke.
These are mainly found in animal foods, milk, cheese, fish, tropical oils, such as coconut oil, palm oil, and cocoa butter.
Unsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature and includes monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. They are mostly derived from plant oils and are also called “Good” Fat.
Monounsaturated Fats – They lower the LDL (low-density lipoprotein – bad) cholesterol and keeps HDL (High-density lipoprotein – good) cholesterol high.
These are found in avocado, nuts, and vegetable oils, such as canola, olive, and peanut oils.
Polyunsaturated Fats – Polyunsaturated fats are good for our health, especially those from fish, known as omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. The two types of polyunsaturated fats are omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
These are mainly in vegetable oils such as safflower, sunflower, sesame, soybean, and corn oils.
Trans fats increases the level of LDL cholesterol and lowers the HDL cholesterol in your body thus raises the risk of developing coronary heart disease and stroke about 3 times higher than other fats. These are not essential for human body as it not good for for your body.
They do not occur naturally, they are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid.
These are present in processed foods, snack foods like chips, cookies.